The largest Costa Rica Information SiteCosta Rica Flag Tropical Kingsnake (not venomous) part of Costa Ricas beautiful Fauna and Wildlife

Amphibians and Reptiles

Custom Search
Home of Fauna   What is Ecotourism   History of Ecotourism   Geography & Climate   Conservation   Amphibians   Reptiles   Birds   Mammals  

Approximately 150 species of amphibians

The approximately 150 species of amphibians include the tiny and colorful poison-arrow frogs, in the family Dendrobatidae. Some are bright red with black legs, others red with blue legs, and still others are bright green with black markings. Several species have skin glands exuding toxins that can cause paralysis and death in many animals, including humans. Dendrobatids have been used by Latin American forest Indians to provide a poison in which to dip the tips of their hunting arrows. The toxins are effective when introduced into the bloodstream (as with arrows) but don't have much effect when a frog is casually touched.

The so-called marine toad (sapo grande; Bufo marinus) is actually found both on the coast and inland up to a height of 2000m. Frequently seen in the evenings around human habitations in rural areas, its size makes it unmistakable. It is the largest Neotropicallowland toad and specimens reaching 20cm long and weighing up to 1.2kg have been recorded - that's one big toad!

A list of Amphibians and Reptiles
found around Hacienda Barú

Their mission is to preserve the Hacienda's natural resources while educating visitors about its biological wealth. In carrying this out, Hacienda Barú provides nature-oriented tours, adventures and services and supports both local scientific research and responsible community development with ASANA and the project called "The Path of the Tapir Biological Corridor"

Hacienda Barú's forests have been protected for 20 years. Recently, their conservation efforts were rewarded by being formally declared a National Wildlife Refuge by the President of Costa Rica. That means that they have a management plan based on an environmental impact study and regulated by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy (MINAE). At present, their ecological restoration efforts involve connecting most of the parcels of lowland forest by allowing approximately 100 acres of pasture to regenerate into a forest corridor.

Visit the riches of Hacienda Barú and you will understand the need to conserve forests. Hacienda Barú consists of: primary and secondary very humid tropical rainforest, mangroves, river and beach habitats. Sharing the natural riches with guests allows them to conserve what they have and promote conservation with their neighbors.

Hacienda Barú is also working to connect its forests to an ecological corridor that will traverse the coastal mountain range in our region. This project is being run by ASANA, a local conservation association, whose offices are located in the old ranch house. Donations are welcome!

They welcome scientific researchers dedicated to field studies within the scope of the Hacienda.

List of Amphibians and Reptiles


English Name

Scientific Name

Nombre en Español  



  Purple Caecilian   Gymnopis multiplicata   Dos Cabezas


  Bransford's Litter Frog   lutherodactylus bransfordii   Ranita
  Tink Frog   Eleutherodactylus diastema   Martillito
  Smoky Jungle Frog   Leptodactylus pentadactylus   Rana


  Marine Toad   Bufo marinus   Sapo de Casa
  Wet Forest Toad   Bufo melanochloris   Sapo


  Red Eyed treefrog   Agalychnis callidryas   Rana Arboricola
  Green-boned treefrog   Hyla elaechroa   Rana Arboricola
  Rosenberg's treefrog   Hyla rosenbergi   Rana Arboricola
  Masked treefrog   Smilisca phaeota   Rana Arboricola


  Black and Green Arrow Frog   Dendrobates auratus   Ranita venenosa
  Red and Green Arrow Frog   Dendrobates granuliferus   Ranita venenosa


  Mud Turtle I   Kinosternon leucostomum   Tortuga
  Mud Turtle II   Kinosternon scorpioides   Tortuga


  Hawksbill Turtle   Eretmochelys imbricata   Tortuga Marina Carey
  Olive Ridley Turtle   Lepidochelys olivacea   Tortuga Marina Lora


  tropical Slider Turtle   Chrysemys ornata   Tortuga de Agua Dulce


  Red-headed Gecko   Gonatodes albogularis   Lagartija


  Common Basilisk   Basiliscus basiliscus   Gallego
  Striped Basilisk   Basiliscus plumifrons   Gallego
  Casque-headed Lizard   Corytophanes cristatus   Lagartija
  Ctentosaur   Ctentosaura similis   Garrobo
  Green Iguana   Iguana iguana   Iguana Güirrisa
  Anolis Lizard   Norops polylepis   Anole


  Whiptail Lizard I   Amieva festiva   Chisbalas
  Whiptail Lizard II   Amieva quadrilineata   Chisbalas
  Whiptail Lizard III   Amieva leptophrys   Chisbalas


  Bronze-backed Skink   Mabuya unimarginata   Escincela
  Litter Skink   Sphenomorphus cherriei   Escincela


  Boa Constrictor   Boa constrictor   Bequer
  Mangrove tree-Boa   Corallus enhydris   Manglera
  Rainbow Boa   Epicrates cenchria   Boa


  Mussurana   Clelia clelia   Musarana
  Brown Forest Racer   Dendrophidion percariatus   Culebra
  Indigo Snake   Drymarchon corais   Zopilota
  Blunt-headed tree Snake   Imantodes cenchoa   Bejuquilla
  Cat-eyed Snake   Leptodeira septentrionalis   Culebra
  Green Parrot Snake   Leptophis ahatulla   Lora Falsa
  Salmon-bellied Racer   Mastigodryas melanolomus   Sabanera
  Brown Vine Snake   Oxybelis aeneus   Bejuquillo
  Pink-bellied Litter Snake   Rhadinaea decorata   Espanta Viejas
  tropical Rat Snake   Spilotes pullatus   Mica


  Coral Snake   Micrurus nigrocinctus   Corál


  Hog-nosed Viper   Bothriechis nastus   Tamagá
  Eyelash Viper   Bothriechis schiegeli   Oropel
  Fer de Lance   Bothrops asper   Terciopelo
  Bushmaster   Lachesis muta   Plato Negro Matabuey


  Black and Yellow Sea Snake   Pelamis platurus   Serpiente de Mar


  Spectacled Caiman   Caiman crocodilus   Lagarto Cayman
  American Crocodile   Crocodylus acutus   Cocodrilo

Picture 1, Amphibians and Reptiles, Costa RicaPicture 2, Amphibians and Reptiles, Costa Rica
Picture 3, Amphibians and Reptiles, Costa RicaPicture 4, Amphibians and Reptiles, Costa Rica